Planning for resilience: Using agricultural cooperatives to address food security in Belize and Canada
Haigh, Zachary William
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Experiencing a steep decline in national food security, Belize must address increased poverty, low levels of systems resiliency, outdated national policies and gender imbalance in order to rectify the food crisis. Using the principles of food security as a guiding framework that informs national policy, Belize can better utilize its state-sanctioned agricultural cooperative system to induce positive, economic and social change. Focusing on the cooperative model for agricultural production has shown demonstrable impacts on poverty reduction and economic wellbeing in neighbouring countries. Using the cooperative as a tool for social change will increase national food security; however, this requires the modernization of agricultural and cooperative policies at the national level that emphasize food security, the role of women and updated standards on cooperative membership. Belize can rectify its crisis and become a stronger economic player, but must first address significant domestic issues affecting its national food security.