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dc.contributor.authorWunder, Sven
dc.contributor.authorAngelsen, Arild
dc.contributor.authorBelcher, Brian
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-09T16:45:53Z
dc.date.available2019-01-09T16:45:53Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationWunder, S., Angelsen, A., & Belcher, B. (2014). Forests, livelihoods, and conservation: Broadening the empirical base. World Development, 64(11), S1-S11. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.007en
dc.identifier.issn0305-750X
dc.identifier.otherDOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.007
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10613/8713
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.25316/IR-3213
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.007
dc.descriptionThe definitive version of record of this article is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.007.en
dc.description.abstractMore than 10,000 years after the Agricultural Revolution started, millions of rural smallholders across the developing world may still derive as much income from foraging forests and wildlands as from cultivating crops. These steady environmental income flows come often from public forests, and are extracted by men and women alike. However, inflexible supplies from nature, the physical hardship of harvesting, and commonly low returns limit their role as safety nets and pathways out of poverty. While their harvesting does not preclude the ongoing conversion of wildlands to agriculture, privileged access to high-quality environmental resources can become a strong local conservation motive.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWorld Developmenten
dc.subjectWilderness areasen
dc.subjectPovertyen
dc.titleForests, livelihoods, and conservation: Broadening the empirical baseen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.007en


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  • Belcher, Brian
    Canada Research Chair in Sustainability Research Effectiveness; Professor, Interdisciplinary Studies

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