Gravitational anti-screening as an alternative to dark matter [post-print]
A semiclassical model of the screening of electric charge by virtual electric dipoles, as found in electrodynamic theory, will be presented. This model is then applied to the hypothetical case of an electric force where like charges attract. The resulting anti-screening of the electric charge is found to have the same functional dependence on the field source and observation distance that is found with the Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relationship. This leads to an anti-screening model for the gravitational force which is then used to determine the theoretical rotational curve of the Galaxy and the theoretical velocity dispersions and shear values for the Coma cluster. These theoretical results are found to be in good agreement with the corresponding astronomical observations. The screening of electric charge as found in QED and the larger apparent masses of galaxies and galactic clusters therefore appears to be two sides of the same coin.