The role of donor flexibility in downward accountability
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This research examines how donor and funding flexibility can be fostered to achieve downward accountability in development projects. It offers a case study example of a Canadian province’s 2006–2008 food security initiative that was found to have had flexible funding and provides an example of conditions necessary to provide flexible funding. The findings first suggest there are varying degrees of funding flexibility, and that they are consistent with different models of development. Specific to the provision of flexible funding, the research indicates that adopting a process-focused approach to development will enable donors to provide flexible funding. It is also identified that accountability measures need to be adjusted to reflect a more qualitative approach that prioritizes the target audience’s assessment of outcomes.