Making of a coal town: Nanaimo, 1852-1858
Mackie, Richard S.
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Audio recording of Dr. Richard Mackie's May 2005 presentation to the Nanaimo Historical Society about the early history of Nanaimo. Mackie's talk focuses on the period of 1852 to 1858, during which the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) was actively developing its presence on Vancouver Island. Mackie outlines a history of the HBC's expansion in the Pacific Northwest, including its diversification into farming, fishing, logging, and mining. He details early colonial settlement at Victoria, Fort Rupert, and Nanaimo, and outlines the role the local Indigenous peoples had in the development of the HBC trade. Mackie gives an overview of Joseph McKay's responsibility in securing Nanaimo as an HBC possession, and then goes on to discuss several early commercial ventures and independent merchants in the area.