Does one size fit all? A comparative assessment of urban containment boundaries on Vancouver Island, B.C.
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This study investigates urban containment boundaries as a tool for local and regional growth management on Vancouver Island, BC. Using a regional and local comparative analysis approach, urban containment boundary (UCB) size and policy implementation in Official Community Plans is assessed for 35 municipalities in seven regional districts. Results indicate variation between and within regional districts with respect to implementation, and that UCBs are more effective when implemented in the context of Regional Growth Strategies. The results, in concert with the provincial legislation and supporting literature regarding urban sustainability, indicate that UCBs should not be considered as the only long-term policy approach to regional growth in BC; more comprehensive provincial legislation is suggested as way to address long term regional population growth management and distribution. Prospects for a centralized planning authority and greenbelt implementation are also explored.