Seawater survival and osmoregulation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr-smolts exposed to four different pesticides
Hauta, Christopher Carl
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Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr-smolts were exposed to sublethal concentrations of cypermethrin, chlorothalonil, quintozene or atrazine to determine if they affected osmoregulation. After 96 h of exposure to a pesticide, Na+K+-ATPase, hematocrit, liver somatic index (LSI), plasma sodium, chloride, and cortisol concentrations were determined. There were no mortalities observed following a 24-h seawater challenge. No effects were seen with cypermethrin exposure. Chlorothalonil exposure resulted in increases in plasma Na+ concentrations following the seawater challenge in the 0.18 and 3.6 μg/L groups. For quintozene, decreases in LSI was seen at each concentration, and decreases in Na+K+-ATPase activity was seen at 0.55 μg/L as well as a decrease in Na+ concentrations at the highest exposure concentration. Atrazine exposure increased Na+K+-ATPase activity in the 1 and 100 μg/L groups, and plasma cortisol concentrations at100 μg/L. Overall, the pesticides examined had minimal effects on fish osmoregulation and stress at the concentrations tested.
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